c# – 使用表达式树创建完全动态的where子句并在IQueryable上执行

在我的代码中的第(3)点,我定义了一个名为query1的查询,其中我定义了一个.Where lambda表达式.此查询在某种程度上是动态的,但仍包含静态元素,它始终引用Type Employee及其(int)属性ClientID.

现在我非常希望根据方法参数来引用类型及其属性动态,例如,如下面的点(1)所示.

到目前为止,我尝试的是通过将更详细的表达式树替换为(4),(5)&中所写的更复杂的表达式树,使得在点(3)下定义的查询的静态部分完全动态化. (6).但是,当我尝试将所有内容添加到一起时,它说我打电话.有错误的参数.我不知道如何调用.使用正确的参数来创建一个完全动态的选择.

有人知道解决这个问题吗?我花了一天时间搜索,到目前为止还没有找到解决方案.

dsMain domainService = new dsMain();


        //(1)i want to rewrite the following four variables to method-parameters
        Type entityType = typeof(Employee);
        String targetProperty = "ClientID";
        Type entityProperty = typeof(Employee).GetProperty(targetProperty).PropertyType;
        int idToDelete = 5;


        //(2)create expression-function: idToDelete == entityType.targetProperty (in this case: Employee.ClientID)
        ParameterExpression numParam = Expression.Parameter(entityProperty, targetProperty.Substring(0, 3));
        ConstantExpression equalTarget = Expression.Constant(idToDelete, idToDelete.GetType());
        BinaryExpression intEqualsID = Expression.Equal(numParam, equalTarget);
        Expression<Func<int, bool>> lambda1 =
                    Expression.Lambda<Func<int, bool>>(
                    intEqualsID,
                    new ParameterExpression[] { numParam });

        //(3)I want to create query1 fully dynamic, so defining Employee or an other type and its property at run time
        WhereClause = lambda1.Compile();
        IQueryable<Employee> employees = domainService.GetEmployees();
        var query1 = employees.Where<Employee>(C => WhereClause.Invoke(C.ClientID)).Expression;



        //(4)create the operand body {value(ASP.test_aspx).WhereClause.Invoke(E.ClientID)}
        var operandbodyMethod = WhereClause.GetType().GetMethod("Invoke");
        var operandbodyType = typeof(System.Boolean);
        var operandbodyArgs1Expression = Expression.Parameter(entityType, entityType.Name.Substring(0, 1));
        var operandbodyArgs1 = Expression.MakeMemberAccess(operandbodyArgs1Expression, entityType.GetMember(targetProperty)[0]);
        var operandBodyObjectExp = Expression.Constant(this, this.GetType());
        var operandbodyObject = Expression.MakeMemberAccess(operandBodyObjectExp, this.GetType().GetMember("WhereClause")[0]);

        //(5)create the operand {E => value(ASP.test_aspx).WhereClause.Invoke(E.ClientID)}
        var operandbody = Expression.Call(operandbodyObject, operandbodyMethod, operandbodyArgs1);
        var operandParameter = Expression.Parameter(entityType, entityType.Name.Substring(0, 1));
        var operandType = typeof(Func<,>).MakeGenericType(entityType, typeof(System.Boolean));

        //(6)
        var operand = Expression.Lambda(operandType, operandbody, new ParameterExpression[] { operandParameter });
        var expressionType = typeof(Expression<>).MakeGenericType(operandType);
        var completeWhereExpression = Expression.MakeUnary(ExpressionType.Quote, operand, expressionType);


        //(7)the line below does not work
        var query2 = employees.Where<Employee>(completeWhereExpression).Expression;

非常感谢您阅读我的问题!

如果您对我的问题有疑问,请询问他们:)

这很难单独查看,但首先发生的事情是Compile看起来不适合IQueryable – 这很少会起作用(LINQ-to-Objects是例外).

WhereClause.Invoke(C.ClientID)的等价物是使用Expression.Invoke来调用子表达式,但即便如此:LINQ-to-SQL将支持它,EF(至少3.5)不支持(也许“没有”;我没有重新检查4.0).最终,将lambda1创建为Expression<Func<Employee,bool>>会更加健壮.如果可能的话:

ParameterExpression empParam = Expression.Parameter(typeof(Employee),"emp");
    ConstantExpression equalTarget = Expression.Constant(idToDelete, idToDelete.GetType());
    BinaryExpression intEqualsID = Expression.Equal(
        Expression.PropertyOrField(empParam, targetProperty), equalTarget);
    Expression<Func<Exmployee, bool>> lambda1 =
                Expression.Lambda<Func<int, bool>>(
                intEqualsID,
                empParam);

然后将其传递给Where:

var query1 = employees.Where(lambda1);

翻译自:https://stackoverflow.com/questions/3444457/create-fully-dynamic-where-clause-with-expression-tree-and-execute-on-iqueryable